Formula 1®

Formula 1 in 2019: Regulations, calendar, drivers & teams

Key Takeaways

  • As Official Logistics Partner, DHL will deliver Formula 1 to 21 races around the world during the 2019 season
  • Plenty of change in the cockpit: Only two teams will keep the same line-up
  • New aerodynamics should make overtaking easier

Once again, the regulations have undergone a number of changes for the 2019 Formula 1 season. A whole raft of small things had accumulated that needed improvement as regards both the sporting and technical regulations. In the area of logistics, however, continuity is the name of the game, and DHL will continue in its role as Official Logistics Partner, delivering Formula 1 to grand prix venues around the world. We summarize all the innovations for the new season here.

Technical regulations

New aerodynamics: Overtaking is to be made easier, and so, teams unanimously agreed on minor modifications to aerodynamics in the short term. The changes may seem small at first but should improve the problem of overtaking by 20 percent.

The front wing will lose some of its complexity and contain only five main elements in future. Its dimensions have also been altered in order not to lose too much performance, increasing in width from 1.80 meters to 2.00 meters and becoming 2.5 inches deeper and 7.5 inches taller.

Bargeboards will also be pared down in size, leaving engineers with a height of 35 centimeters to play with and not 47.5 as was previously the case. Their length, though, will be boosted by 10 centimeters.

The width of the rear wing will increase by 10 centimeters to 1.05 meters while at the same time becoming seven centimeters taller at 87 centimeters and extending down an extra ten centimeters to 81 centimeters. The DRS effect will be greater, as the DRS flap will open by 8.5 centimeters in future and not by 6.5 centimeters as before.

Overall performance will suffer a bit under the new ruleset, but problems when overtaking should become less frequent. 

Drivers’ weight: Heavy drivers are at a disadvantage in motor racing. Ballast cannot be distributed to strategically important points, otherwise, drivers would be overweight from the outset. A minimum weight that applies to driver and seat shell is to be introduced in 2019 to counteract the problem. Driver, race overalls and seat must weigh at least 80 kilograms.

Minimum weight: Cars will get heavier for the 2019 season. The minimum weight including driver will go up from 733 to 743 kilograms, continuing a trend set in recent years as Formula 1 cars become heavier. Safety features and hybrid technology have all added to the gain in weight.

Fuel: Cars will be even heavier at the start of the race, as the fuel limit has been raised. 110 kilograms of racing fuel, which is five more than previously, can now be consumed over the race distance in a bid to put a stop to the debate around saving gas.

Oil consumption: New rules concerning engine oil are continually being introduced, because of the suspicion that oil is deliberately being fed into the combustion chamber in order to increase power. A fresh chapter has been added to the ongoing saga for 2019. All additional oil tanks must be empty at the start of each practice session and in qualifying.

Tires: Pirelli have lined up a few innovations of their own. Tires have been updated with new compounds and methods of construction. There will be ‘only’ five different compounds available in 2019 and not seven as before. Hypersofts, Ultrasofts etc have been consigned to history. The new tires will be simply called soft, medium and hard. Red, yellow and white will be the new colors to denote the three different compounds to be used for that particular race weekend.

New lights: Formula 1 is to be made even safer with extra rear lights in order to ensure better visibility in poor conditions. The central rain light on the crash structure will remain in place, but LED light strips are to be added to rear wing end plates.

Helmets: Both active and passive safety are to be improved. The FIA has introduced a new helmet standard for 2019 with reinforcement now integrated into the helmet shell, making the glued-on Zylon strip on the upper edge of the visor redundant.

Mirrors: Mirrors were a hot topic last season. Their size has been prescribed for quite some time, but a great deal of discussion has taken place about where exactly to locate them. As of this year, there have been precise rules about the placement of mirrors and in particular, about how they may be attached with one fixing on the chassis and another on the sidepod at most.

Sporting regulations

F1 driving license: The rules for the super license have again been revised. Some race series have been either up or downgraded and a minor loophole closed. In future, drivers will only be able to earn points in one race series in a single calendar year.

Penalties: If a driver incurs a penalty exceeding more than 15 positions on the grid, he must automatically line up at the rear of the field. This rule is not new, but what will change is the procedure to be followed when several drivers suffer the same fate, in which case, their grid position will not be determined by when they got the penalty but their result in qualifying.

CFD flow simulations: Restrictions on computer flow simulations will remain in force for the time being but will be lifted entirely in 2021 in an effort to perfect the ruleset with the assistance of FIA teams and the commercial rights holder. Teams will have to share results with other outfits.

Checkered flag: After the mess-up with flags at Montreal, the checkered flag to signal the end of the race is to be abolished. It will still be waved but will no longer mark the official end of the race. Instead, an LED checkered flag panel will bring the race to an official close.

Technical inspection: Each team will now have to complete a form before scrutineering, declaring that the car fully complies with technical regulations. However, technical inspection will still take place on Thursdays and the form completed.

Restarts: When there’s a restart behind the safety car, the track will remain yellow-flagged until drivers cross the finish line, so overtaking maneuvers on reaching the safety car line will therefore no longer be allowed. The ban on overtaking will end once the finish line has been crossed.

Biometric gloves: Drivers must wear gloves equipped with safety technology during all sessions. The sensors fitted as standard measure drivers’ vital signs and are intended to improve medical care.

Formation lap: Drivers starting out from the pit lane will take part in the formation lap in future. They may also complete ‘recce’ laps before the race but must peel off into the pit lane at the end of the lap and not pass the starting grid.

Delta times: Delta times under safety car and VSC periods will also apply to the safety car line in 2019. Up until now, this small gap has allowed drivers to accelerate on approaching or leaving the pit lane.

The calendar

Twenty one races, to which DHL will deliver Formula 1, are scheduled to take place in 2019. The venues have not changed, but the season will be slightly longer. The opener will take place 17th March in Melbourne, Australia. The checkered flag will fall in Abu Dhabi, 1st December.

Due to the season becoming longer, the triple-header first introduced in 2018 will be no more. France and Austria are still back-to-back, but the British GP will take place a fortnight after Spielberg. Bahrain and China will no longer be back-to-back races as is also the case with the Russian and Japanese grands prix. The Russian GP will be run immediately after Singapore.

The tried and tested back-to-back formula for the USA/Mexican grands prix on the North American continent will remain but their order on the calendar reversed, as Formula 1 will stop off first in Mexico City and then race in Austin, Texas, the following week.

  1. March 17: FORMULA 1 ROLEX AUSTRALIAN GRAND PRIX in Melbourne
  2. March 31: FORMULA 1 GULF AIR BAHRAIN GRAND PRIX in Sakhir
  3. April 14: FORMULA 1 HEINEKEN CHINESE GRAND PRIX in Shanghai
  4. April 28: 2018 FORMULA 1 AZERBAIJAN GRAND PRIX in Baku
  5. May 12: FORMULA 1 GRAN PREMIO DE ESPAÑA in Barcelona
  6. May 26: FORMULA 1 GRAND PRIX DE MONACO in Monte Carlo
  7. June 9: FORMULA 1 GRAND PRIX DU CANADA in Montreal
  8. June 23: FORMULA 1 GRAND PRIX DE FRANCE in Le Castellet
  9. June 30: FORMULA 1 MYWORLD GROSSER PREIS VON ÖSTERREICH 2019 in Spielberg
  10. July 14: FORMULA 1 ROLEX BRITISH GRAND PRIX in Silverstone
  11. July 28: FORMULA 1 MERCEDES-BENZ GROSSER PREIS VON DEUTSCHLAND in Hockenheim
  12. August 4: FORMULA 1 MAGYAR NAGYDÍJ in Budapest
  13. September 1: FORMULA 1 BELGIAN GRAND PRIX in Spa-Francorchamps
  14. September 8: FORMULA 1 GRAN PREMIO HEINEKEN D’ITALIA in Monza
  15. September 22: FORMULA 1 SINGAPORE AIRLINES SINGAPORE GRAND PRIX in Singapore
  16. September 29: FORMULA 1 VTB RUSSIAN GRAND PRIX in Sochi
  17. October 13: FORMULA 1 JAPANESE GRAND PRIX in Suzuka
  18. October 27: FORMULA 1 GRAN PREMIO DE MÉXICO in Mexico City
  19. November 3: FORMULA 1 UNITED STATES GRAND PRIX in Austin
  20. November17: FORMULA 1 GRANDE PRÊMIO DO BRASIL in São Paulo
  21. December 1: FORMULA 1 ETIHAD AIRWAYS ABU DHABI GRAND PRIX in Yas Marina

Drivers and teams

It’s been a long time since the market for drivers has been this busy. Mercedes and Haas are the only two outfits who will keep their Formula 1 driver pairings unchanged for the 2019 season. Ferrari have parted company with Kimi Räikkönen and signed their junior, Charles Leclerc, in his place. Sparks should fly in the team battle between the driver from Monaco and Sebastian Vettel.

However, Räikkönen is not leaving Formula 1, as he will simply swap cockpits with Leclerc and drive for Sauber. The Iceman has signed a two-year contract with the Swiss outfit. His teammate will be Ferrari’s second junior, Antonio Giovinazzi.

Red Bull must find a way to make up for the loss of Daniel Ricciardo. After protracted negotiations and in a surprise move, the Australian quit Red Bull and signed for Renault. Pierre Gasly will replace him at Red Bull.

Carlos Sainz will make way for Daniel Ricciardo at Renault. The Spanish driver has managed, though, to find a cockpit at McLaren where Fernando Alonso has put his Formula 1 career on hold for the time being. McLaren gave Stoffel Vandoorne his marching orders following his devastating defeat by Alonso. Junior driver, Lando Norris, will replace him.

Force India will line up as a new outfit in 2019 following the takeover by Lawrence Stroll. We do not know at this stage whether the outfit will line up as ‘Racing Point’ or under a new name. What is certain, though, is that Lance Stroll will partner Sergio Perez.

The Williams cockpit left vacant following Stroll’s departure will go to Formula 2 Champion and Mercedes Junior, George Russell. Sergey Sirotkin has also left Williams, leaving the door open for Polish driver Robert Kubica to make a sensational but welcome comeback in 2019. He was forced to end his Formula 1 career in 2011 after a serious rally accident.

Toro Rosso will also have two new drivers. Pierre Gasly has been promoted and will be replaced by Daniil Kvyat, who is returning to the fold and will be getting his third chance with Red Bull’s junior team. Brendon Hartley failed to impress in 2018. Alex Albon is his replacement.

  • Mercedes: Lewis Hamilton / Valtteri Bottas
  • Ferrari: Sebastian Vettel / Charles Leclerc
  • Red Bull Racing: Max Verstappen / Pierre Gasly
  • Renault: Nico Hülkenberg / Daniel Ricciardo
  • Haas: Romain Grosjean / Kevin Magnussen
  • McLaren: Carlos Sainz / Lando Norris
  • Racing Point: Sergio Perez / Lance Stroll
  • Sauber: Kimi Räikkönen / Antonio Giovinazzi
  • Toro Rosso: Daniil Kvyat / Alex Albon
  • Williams: Robert Kubica / George Russell

 

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